Infertility Assessment







What is IVF?

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is a process of fertilization where retrieved egg is combined with collected and processed sperms outside the body, i.e. in vitro.

IVF is an assisted reproductive technology (ART), where mature eggs are collected (retrieved) from the ovaries and then manually combined with sperms in a laboratory dish. Then the fertilized egg (known as embryo) or eggs are transferred into the uterus for implantation. One cycle of IVF takes about 2 weeks. IVF procedure can be done using your own eggs and your partner's sperms. Sometimes IVF can be done with donor eggs or donor sperms as per the cause & treatment modality involved. Upon the egg’s fertilization, embryos are formed which are then transferred into the intending mother’s uterus (womb). The pregnancy test is performed two weeks later after the embryo transfer with the hope of IVF success.

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a series of procedures complex in nature and used to treat fertility, genetic problems and assist with the conception of a child.

When is IVF Treatment Recommended?

IVF can treat numerous causes of infertility. These include,

  • Women suffering from moderate to severe endometriosis and who do not respond positively to repeated IUI treatment.

  • Partially or fully blocked or damaged fallopian tubes. This can be the result of previous reproductive surgery or pelvic inflammatory disease.

  • Severe male factor infertility which can be caused by low sperm count or poor sperm motility. In such cases, IVF-ICSI is recommended where ICSI treatment is an extra step in the IVF procedure.

  • Women of advanced reproductive age. In such cases, time is of the essence and success rate using treatments other than IVF treatment is low.

  • For unexplained fertility issues where the exact cause of infertility has not been established and other treatments have failed.

Thanks to advances in the field, the price of IVF treatment in India has come down significantly. Costs related to the medication, doctor’s fees and the procedure itself have reduced by a huge margin since the time the first test tube baby was delivered in India. The same could also be said for the IVF success rate in India. Worldwide, the highest success rate of IVF is in the late 30s to the early 40s and IVF in India offer success rates that are in a similar range.

Indications of IVF Procedure

IVF is usually advocated to treat infertility in the following cases

  • Blocked or Damaged Fallopian Tubes

  • Ovulation Disorder

  • Premature Ovarian Failure

  • Endometriosis

  • Uterine Fibroids

  • Previous Tubal Sterilization or Removal of Tubes

  • Impaired Sperm Production or Function

  • Genetic Disorder

  • Unexplained Infertility

  • Fertility Preservation in Cancer patients

How IVF is done - Step by Step Procedure of IVF

There are 5 Basic steps of IVF Procedure

Controlled Ovarian Hyper-stimulation ( also called super-ovulation)

Egg Retrieval

Insemination and Fertilization

Embryo Culture

Embryo Transfer