Infertility Assessment







What is Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)?

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection is a specialized form of In Vitro fertilization (IVF) which involves the direct injection of sperm into the eggs. It is very similar to the conventional IVF. In IVF eggs and sperms are left in a petri dish to fertilize on their own.

ICSI is used in cases of severe male infertility. Approximately half of the couples having problem conceiving has sperm related problems. ICSI is the most common and successful treatment in such cases.

ICSI is a laboratory procedure where a single sperm is picked up with a fine glass needle and injected directly into the egg, in order to fertilize it. Then this fertilized egg known as embryo is transferred into the woman's womb.

When is ICSI Suggested?

A fertility clinic in India typically recommends ICSI when a couple fails to conceive through normal IVF because of poor or absent fertilization. ICSI is also suggested to couples where the male,

  • has a poor sperm count.

  • suffers from low sperm motility which is caused because of an abnormal shape of the sperm. Such sperm cannot swim well.

  • had previously undergone a vasectomy and because of that, his sperm is sourced from the epididymis (where the sperm is stored) or testicles.

  • cannot obtain and maintain an erection or has trouble ejaculating. This also includes males with diabetes, spinal cord injury and other problems.

  • unsuccessfully tried to reverse a vasectomy or the reversal led to very poor sperm quality and a low sperm count.