Infertility Assessment







Embryo Donation

One of the most common questions that patients ask is “What do the grades of my embryos tell us about my chances of becoming pregnant?” So, an embryo transfer is the last part of the in vitro fertilization (IVF) process. During IVF, fertility medications are used to stimulate the ovaries into releasing healthy eggs.

These eggs are then removed from a woman's ovaries and fertilized in a lab. Once the fertilized eggs have multiplied, the embryos are transferred to the woman's uterus.

For a pregnancy to begin, the embryo must then attach itself to the wall of her womb or uterus.

Around 2 or 3 days before the embryo transfer, the doctor will choose the best eggs to transfer to the womb.

There are many processes available to aid selection, though non-invasive methods such as metabolomic profiling are being tested. Metabolomic profiling is the process of selecting the most beneficial eggs based on a number of different factors. This could limit the need for invasive procedures in the future.

These eggs will then be fertilized in a lab and left to culture for 1-2 days. If many good quality embryos develop, the ones that are not going to be transferred can be frozen.

Egg Donation

Egg donor IVF is a fertility treatment option for those who can’t use their own eggs, for whatever reason.

Especially when using a screened egg donor (as opposed to a family member or friend), the success rates for egg donor IVF are good—higher than the average IVF success rates for couples not using a donor.

While egg donor IVF means the intended mother will not be genetically related to her child, the intended father will be. (Unless a sperm donor is also being used.) This makes it more attractive of an idea than embryo donor IVF. With an embryo donor, neither intended parent would be genetically related to the child.

Sperm Donation

Sperm donation is a procedure in which a man donates semen — the fluid containing sperm that is released during ejaculation — to help an individual or a couple conceive a baby.

Donated sperm can be injected into a woman's reproductive organs (intrauterine insemination) or used to fertilize mature eggs in a lab (in vitro fertilization). The use of donated sperm is known as third-party reproduction.

A man who makes a sperm donation can be known or anonymous to the recipient. Sperm donations made to a known recipient are called directed donations.