Foetal Medicine

At KD Blossom, our foetal medicine specialists focus on managing health concerns of the mother and foetus prior to, during, and shortly after pregnancy. Routine check-ups and lab tests have been designed in an efficient way to ensure the diagnosis of the abnormalities on time and prevent the baby and mother from high risks. At Kusum Dhirajlal Hospital, we provide comprehensive evaluation and diagnostics for all stages of foetal development.

The purpose of this scan is to check baby’s heartbeat, ascertain the date of delivery, and to see whether pregnancy is single, twin or multiple. In rare cases, if foetal development takes place outside the uterus (ectopic pregnancy), timely diagnosis and treatment can be provided after this scan.

In it mainly the baby’s heartbeat and growth can be seen along with confirmation that the pregnancy is single, twin or multiple. During this duration the baby's head, spine, hands, feet, stomach, bladder, heart and most of the organs can also be seen. By this time since most of the organs appear, we can make sure that everything is fine.

There is a small amount of water in the back of foetal neck which is known as Nuchal translucency (NT). NT measurement will help us to predict the probability of chromosomal abnormality (foetal aneuploidy) in the foetus. Addition of blood test called Double Marker or NITT along with NT test will give more accurate prediction on foetal chromosomal status.

In case of twins, during this duration of 11-14 weeks, accurate diagnosis can be made to ascertain if there is one or two placenta existing. In case there is only one placenta existing between two foetuses, that pregnancy requires special care.

Pre-eclampsia is high blood pressure caused by pregnancy. It is one of the most common and life threatening conditions occurring in pregnancy and affects around 1 in 20 pregnant women. Pre-eclampsia screening is performed in the first trimester to screen Early-onset Pre-eclampsia as early detection and treatment can protect your baby and improve pregnancy outcomes.

Pre-eclampsia screening is offered alongwith NT scan.

In this detailed scan the internal and external anatomy of the foetus is examined to detect any major defects as well as smaller chromosomal abnormalities or any genetic syndrome.

During this sonography the baby's head, face, heart, lungs, stomach, bladder, kidney, and limbs (hands and feet) are seen in detail. The movements of the foetus, foetal growth, part of the baby's umblical cord, location of placenta, length of cervix and doppler test is done.

In case any deviation found on this anomaly scan, management can be done at this stage.

It provides better view of the structure and function of the foetal heart and if any deviation is seen in the foetal ECHO, parents are counselled for further management.

It is a type of ultrasound scan performed during the third trimester of pregnancy which evaluates whether the growth of your baby is satisfactory or not. Along with that amount of liquor and location of placenta to be seen.

Low placenta increases the likelihood of complications, so if detected in advance by this sonography, precautionary steps can be taken to give best outcomes to mother and foetus. In case the amount of liquor is less or more than usual, timely intervention can be given.

It is a type of ultrasound scan to evaluate the foetus’s blood flow to different parts of body, such as the brain, umbilical cord and heart. Timely diagnosis of any deviation in doppler study indicates a need to pre-pone the delivery date for best foetal outcomes.

Biophysical profile test combines foetal heart rate monitoring (nonstress test) and foetal ultrasound to evaluate a baby's heart rate, breathing, movements, muscle tone and amniotic fluid level. The score is then given based on whether certain criteria are met. Then according to BPP score, if intervention required can be done.

A high risk pregnancy is defined as pregnancy in which there is a risk of a serious adverse outcome in the mother and/or the baby that is greater than the incidence of that outcome in the general population. Advanced maternal age, pregnancy conditions (gestational diabetes, twins and triplets, pre-eclampsia, short cervix, IUGR, etc.), mother with medical conditions (heart disease, hypo or hyperthyroid, SLE, renal disease, infections, etc.) require very close monitoring of pregnancy and needs frequent blood tests, urine exams, frequent ultrasounds, glucose tolerance test, and other tests as advised by our expert.